Prostate cancer is one of the most common forms of cancer in men and the number of incidence increases with age. Approximately 2500 new cases of prostate cancer are diagnosed every year in Denmark, and approximately 1000 men die from the disease every year in Denmark. Today, prostate cancer is rarely diagnosed before the age of 50.
The reason for cancer of the prostate occurring is unknown except that in approximately 10% of cases the disease may be hereditary. Thus, if the disease occurs in two or more family members in direct line of descent (i.e. in brothers, father, grandfathers, uncles and cousins), one has an increased risk of developing the disease.
Prostate cancer can spread outside the prostate. It often spreads to the lymph nodes and bones, most often the vertebrae and pelvic bones.
When spreading to bone, it may cause pains in e.g. the lower back and hips.
If prostate cancer is diagnosed and the disease is localised solely in the prostate, curing it is a possibility.
Recognised curative treatments in Denmark comprise surgery with removal of the prostate or radiation therapy.
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